The article is devoted to multiple faces of Polish Cubist sculpture. It appears in the beginning of the twentieth century in the powerful, simplified sculpture of Xawery Dunikowski and Boleslaw Biegas. The sculpture of Elie Nadelman, based on the methodical alternation of curves, exposed in Gertrude Stein’s Parisian apartment in 1907, was said to have inspired Picasso’s method. In 1911, Andrzej Pronaszko applied Analytic Cubism to his bas-relief. With the birth of “formist” movement together with August Zamoyski they developed a new vocabulary leading to independence in the face of nature. In Dunikowski’s art during the 1910s and 1920s, the reaction to Cubism took on an individual feature—the sculptor attaches great importance to the expression. Thanks to lessons learnt from Picasso, the Polish avant-garde sculptors opened their volume; in the compositions of Katarzyna Kobro, the mathematically calculated rhythm seamlessly inscribes the forms into its environment.
biographie de l’auteur
Malgorzata Dabrowska est l’auteure d’une thèse de doctorat sur « Les sculpteurs polonais et la France 1887-1918. Entre les influences françaises et la quête d’un style national », soutenue avec félicitations du jury à l’université Paris X Nanterre, en 1997. Auteure de nombreuses publications sur la sculpture des xixe et xxe siècles, elle a également participé, en tant qu’enseignante universitaire et chercheuse indépendante, à de nombreux colloques sur la sculpture et sur l’économie de la culture. Elle est boursière de la Fondation Lanckoronski (2015) et du ministère polonais de la Culture (2016).
Malgorzata Dabrowska has prepared her PhD thesis on « Polish sculptors and France 1887 – 1918. Between French influences and the national style » under the direction of professor Pierre Vaisse at Paris X–Nanterre University in 1997. She was confered the degree with congratulations of the jury. After having obtained the MBA diploma she has worked on subjects between history of art and economics. During 13 years she has given lectures at Jagiellonian University in Cracow having taught art history and art theory, cultural management, art market and marketing of culture and the arts. Now she devotes herself to the research commisioned by Polish Ministry of Culture and National Heritage. She specializes in the XIXth and XXth century sculpture and has prepared multiple comparative studies on art in different European centres, devoting her attention mainly to the research on the style and on the iconography. She has been invited to international conferences on sculpture organised by Musee d`Orsay, Musee Rodin, INHA, Musee Picasso. Another field of her studies is the history of artistic life linked to the evolution of institutions, presented both on the background of national cultural politics. She is the author of „Institutions of contemporary art in Poland and in France. Comparative case analysis”, published by Ksiegarnia Akademicka in 2013.